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Renter Rights and Responsibilities

As a renter in Virginia, you have legal protections under the Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (VRLTA) that include the right to:

  • A fair application fee.
  • A fair security deposit.
  • A decent and safe place to live.
  • A certain level of security.
  • Privacy.
  • Be informed of a change in management or ownership, or change of the property for some other use.
  • Be properly notified before pesticides are applied in your apartment.
  • Be properly notified of a rent increase or decrease in services.
  • A proper eviction notice.
  • Speak out.

This Act applies to apartments, public housing, Housing Choice Vouchers, Section 8 housing and other federally subsidized housing run by HUD. (Renters in subsidized housing may have certain rights from the VRLTA that HUD doesn’t list.)

Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act
Check out all the details about your rights as a renter and your responsibilities.

Virginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Handbook
Handbook has been prepared to provide information on the rights, remedies, and responsibilities of landlords and renters concerning the rental process. 

Virginia Fair Housing Law Online
Get your questions answered concerning federal Fair Housing Law and regulations.

Federal Fair Housing Act of 1968, as amended in 1988
HUD has played a lead role in administering the Fair Housing Act since its adoption in 1968. The 1988 amendments, however, have greatly increased the Department's enforcement role. First, the newly protected classes have proven significant sources of new complaints. Second, HUD's expanded enforcement role took the Department beyond investigation and conciliation into the area of mandatory enforcement.

File a Fair Housing Complaint
Find out if you’ve been discriminated against and how to take action if you have been.

Protected Classes
Learn which classes are protected and which are not, and how the law protects individuals with disabilities and families with children.


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